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In History we are continuing to explore and discuss how toys have changed over time. We are comparing toys from the past with toys from today. 


Encourage your child to describe how toys have changed over time.

Consider the following key words:-

  • material
  • natural
  • man-made
  • safety
  • attitude - (toys for boys and girls)
  • outside
  • technology


How toys have changed through the years.

Ask your child what their favourite toy is? What is it made from?

Can you talk to your child about any favourite toys you had when your were young?

Can your child ask a Grandparent, what their favourite toy was when then were young?

Can you discuss how the toys are different?


Can you search on the internet for how toys have changed over time?

Victorian toys were usually made from wood, metal, paper or china and they were mostly hand made. Modern toys are usually made from plastic, nylon or foam and are mostly produced in factories. Toys from the past were often unsafe as some were made with sharp edges and from unsafe materials.

Everyday materials and their properties

Song - properties of materials


This week we are looking at the properties of materials.

For example

  • feather– flexible
  • plastic - stiff
  • stone - hard
  • wool – soft
  • glass- transparent
  • stone- smooth
  • bark – rough

Can you look at the short video with your child and discuss the properties of materials?

Can you find objects in your home and discuss the properties of the materials? For example, curtains, table tops, carpet or wood flooring, spoons and clothing.

Can you look in the outside environment and discuss the properties of the materials? For example, the bark on a tree, bricks, water, concrete flooring and grass.

Can you discuss with your child why some materials are more suited to an object that another type of material. For example:-

  • Would a raincoat work if it was made from tissue paper?
  • Would a spoon work if it was made from wool?
  • Would a window work if it was made from brick?
  • Would the walls of your house work if they were made from glass?


This week we are discussing how we can recognise ways to calm down when we start to feel angry?


Discuss with your child how we may feel when we are not friends with someone and we 'fall out.'

Having an argument with someone may make us feel angry. Being angry is a feeling that is stronger than feeling sad. Feeling angry can effect our whole body and it can cause us to react, or say things that we may not mean to do or say. 


Remind your child that all feelings are ok. Anger is often telling us something is wrong, and we must do something about it.


Remind your child that when we feel angry, we must share our feelings with an adult. This can be an adult at home or an adult in school. 

Sharing feelings will always help and an adult will be able to help us to feel happy again and sort out 'why' we feel angry and 'how' we can manage our anger. 


Ask your child is it ever ok to hit someone when we are angry?  

Explain to your child that while all feelings are ok, it is what we do with them that matters – some behaviours are never 'ok,' for example hitting others.


Talk about how it is always good to sort out arguments but that if we are really angry, we may need someone else to help us, or we may need to have some space to calm down. When we are feeling calm again, it is usually much better time to sort out an argument and make friends with the person that has made us angry. 


Explain to your child that anger can often stops us from wanting to make friends but that we should always try to solve a problem and it is never good to be angry. 


Ways to help calm ourselves down could be:-

*Talking to family, friends, teachers and adults who can help us. 

* Telling ourselves to calm down.

* Taking ourselves away from a situation.

* Taking a deep breath

* Exercising

*Finding a hobby or something that we enjoy doing. 

*Focus on things that make us feel happy inside.